The Biden administration tightened restrictions on China’s access to advanced artificial intelligence (AI) chips and chipmaking tools on Friday. This move aims to hinder Beijing’s development of its own domestic chip industry, citing national security concerns.

The revised rules, released in October and coming into effect on April 4th, target shipments of high-performance AI chips designed by companies like Nvidia. These chips are crucial for applications like facial recognition, autonomous vehicles, and advanced weaponry.

The US government is worried that China’s growing technological prowess could pose a threat to American military superiority. By limiting China’s access to these chips, the US hopes to slow its technological advancements and maintain a strategic edge.

The new regulations are quite detailed, exceeding 160 pages. One clarification ensures restrictions apply not just to individual chips but also to entire devices containing them, such as laptops. The Commerce Department, overseeing these export controls, intends to keep updating the restrictions as needed. This move has sparked tensions between the US and China.

China views these restrictions as an attempt to stifle its economic growth and technological development. The long-term impact on the global chip market and the relationship between the two superpowers remains to be seen.