What Is Mixed Reality?

What Is Mixed Reality?

Following mainframes, PCs, and smartphones, mixed reality is the next big thing in computing. Consumers and businesses are adopting mixed reality. It liberates us from screen-bound experiences by providing instinctual interactions with data in our living spaces and with our friends. Hundreds of millions of online users worldwide have experienced mixed reality through their mobile devices. On social media, mobile AR is currently the most popular mixed reality solution. People may be unaware that the Instagram AR filters they use are mixed reality experiences. With stunning holographic representations of people, high-fidelity holographic 3D models, and more, Windows Mixed Reality elevates all of these user experiences to the next level.

Mixed reality applications have moved beyond monitors to include:

  • Understanding the environment: spatial mapping and anchors.
  • Hand-tracking, eye-tracking, and vocal input are examples of human comprehension.
  • Spatial sound.
  • Positioning and location in both physical and virtual environments.
  • 3D asset collaboration in mixed reality environments.
The Mixed Reality
The Mixed Reality

Environmental Perception And Input

In mixed reality (MR), environmental input and perception play a crucial role in creating a seamless and immersive experience that blends virtual and real-world elements.

Source: Mixed reality-Microsoft
Source: Mixed reality-Microsoft

Here's a closer look at how environmental input and perception are handled in MR:

Environmental Input: Environmental input refers to the information collected from the physical environment and used to augment the virtual content in mixed reality. This input is captured through various sensors and technologies, including:

Cameras: Cameras are used to capture real-time video of the surrounding environment. This video feed is then analyzed to detect and track objects, surfaces, and markers that serve as reference points for placing virtual content.

Depth Sensors: Depth sensors, such as Time-of-Flight (ToF) cameras or depth-mapping technologies, provide information about the distances between objects and the environment. This depth data enables accurate placement and occlusion of virtual objects in relation to the real-world environment.

Inertial Measurement Units (IMUs): IMUs consist of accelerometers, gyroscopes, and magnetometers that measure the device's motion and orientation in 3D space. This data is used to track the user's movement and adjust the position and orientation of virtual objects accordingly.

Global Positioning System (GPS): In some MR applications, GPS technology is utilized to determine the user's location in the real world. This information can be used to provide location-based AR experiences or overlay virtual content tied to specific geographic locations.

Environmental Perception: Environmental perception involves understanding and interpreting the physical environment to enhance the realism and interaction of virtual content. This perception is achieved through advanced computer vision and machine learning techniques. Key aspects of environmental perception in MR include:

Object Recognition: By analyzing the video feed from cameras, mixed reality systems can identify and recognize objects in the real-world environment. This recognition allows virtual content to interact with specific objects or trigger relevant AR experiences.

Surface Detection and Tracking: MR systems employ algorithms to detect and track flat surfaces, such as tables, floors, or walls. This surface detection enables virtual objects to accurately align and interact with the physical environment, providing a more immersive experience.

Lighting and Shadows: Environmental perception includes analyzing the lighting conditions in the real-world environment. By understanding the lighting sources and intensity, virtual objects can be rendered with appropriate lighting and cast shadows that match the real-world environment, enhancing the sense of realism.

Occlusion: Occlusion refers to the ability of virtual objects to be visually blocked or hidden by real-world objects. Environmental perception algorithms enable virtual objects to be occluded by physical objects, creating a more convincing and realistic MR experience.

The spectrum of mixed reality

The mixed reality spectrum is a continuum that categorizes and visualizes the different levels of immersion and interaction in mixed reality experiences.

Mixed Reality Spectrum
Mixed Reality Spectrum

It helps us understand the various degrees to which virtual and real-world elements are combined in a given scenario.

Source: Mixed reality-Microsoft

Here are the key segments of the mixed reality spectrum:

Augmented Reality (AR): Augmented reality involves overlaying virtual content onto the real world, enhancing the user's perception of their surroundings. AR experiences can be delivered through devices like smartphones, tablets, or smart glasses. The virtual content is typically anchored to specific objects or locations in the real world and can provide additional information, visual enhancements, or interactive elements.

What Is Augmented Reality
Introduction A technology known as augmented reality (AR) combines the virtual and real worlds to provide consumers with an immersive and engaging experience. In real-time, augmented reality (AR) overlays digital media, including images, music, and video, onto the physical environment to improve th…

Mixed Reality (MR): Mixed reality represents a more immersive experience where virtual objects are seamlessly integrated into the real world and can interact with it. MR experiences often require dedicated headsets or glasses equipped with sensors and cameras. These devices track the user's movements and adjust the virtual objects accordingly, allowing for realistic interactions and dynamic integration with the physical environment.

Augmented Virtuality (AV): Augmented virtuality refers to environments that are primarily virtual but incorporate real-world elements. In AV experiences, users are fully immersed in virtual environments, but real-world objects or people are brought into the virtual space. This can be achieved through technologies such as 3D scanning, motion capture, or live video feeds that integrate real-world elements into the virtual environment.

Virtual Reality (VR): Virtual reality offers a fully immersive digital experience where users are completely transported into virtual environments. VR typically involves wearing a headset that covers the user's field of view and blocks out the real world. Users can explore and interact with the virtual environment, which is created entirely through computer-generated content.

What is Virtual Reality?
Introduction A technology known as virtual reality (VR) produces a simulated environment that enables users to interact with and experience an entirely digital world. Due to its immersive qualities and capacity to take users to locations and experiences that would otherwise be impractical, this tec…

Devices and experiences

Mixed reality devices and experiences encompass a range of technologies and applications that merge the virtual and real worlds, creating immersive and interactive environments. Here are some key devices and experiences commonly associated with mixed reality:

Head-mounted Displays (HMDs): Head-mounted displays, such as Microsoft HoloLens, Magic Leap, and Oculus Quest, are wearable devices that provide visual and auditory experiences. These devices typically feature transparent lenses that overlay virtual objects onto the real world, allowing users to interact with digital content while maintaining awareness of their surroundings.

Smart Glasses: Smart glasses, like Google Glass and Vuzix Blade, are lightweight wearable devices that augment the user's field of view with digital information. They often feature a small display that projects images or data onto the lenses, enabling users to access contextual information and interact with virtual objects without obstructing their vision.

Mobile Devices: Mobile devices, such as smartphones and tablets, play a significant role in delivering mixed reality experiences. Through the use of augmented reality (AR) applications and software development kits (SDKs), users can overlay virtual objects onto their device screens and interact with them using the device's camera and sensors.

Spatial Mapping and Tracking: Spatial mapping and tracking technologies enable the understanding and mapping of the user's physical environment, allowing virtual objects to be placed and interact with real-world surfaces. This technology relies on depth sensors, cameras, and computer vision algorithms to accurately track the user's position and map the surrounding environment.

Haptic Feedback: Haptic feedback devices provide tactile sensations and feedback to enhance the user's sense of touch in mixed reality experiences. These devices, such as haptic gloves or controllers, can simulate sensations like vibrations, textures, or forces, adding a new level of immersion and interaction with virtual objects.

Gesture Recognition and Motion Tracking: Gesture recognition and motion tracking technologies enable users to interact with mixed reality content using hand gestures, body movements, or even facial expressions. These devices capture and interpret the user's gestures and movements, allowing for natural and intuitive interactions with virtual objects.

Mixed Reality Applications and Experiences: Mixed reality applications span various industries and domains, including gaming, entertainment, education, training, healthcare, architecture, and more. Examples of mixed-reality experiences include interactive virtual tours, immersive gaming environments, medical simulations, architectural visualizations, and collaborative design and training scenarios.


Mixed reality represents a revolutionary approach to merging the digital and physical worlds, offering immersive and interactive experiences that go beyond traditional virtual reality or augmented reality. By seamlessly blending virtual objects with the real environment, mixed reality creates new opportunities for entertainment, education, training, design, and collaboration. It enables users to interact with digital content while maintaining awareness of their surroundings, opening up a wide range of possibilities for innovative applications.


Q. How is mixed reality different from virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR)?
A. While virtual reality fully immerses users in a simulated digital environment and augmented reality overlays digital content onto the real world, mixed reality seamlessly blends virtual objects with the physical environment, allowing for interactive experiences where virtual and real elements coexist.

Q. What devices are used for mixed reality experiences?
A. Mixed reality experiences can be delivered through devices like head-mounted displays (HMDs), smart glasses, and even mobile devices. These devices typically incorporate cameras, sensors, and tracking technologies to enable the interaction between virtual and real elements.

Q. What are some practical applications of mixed reality?
A. Mixed reality finds applications across various industries. For instance, it can be used in gaming and entertainment for immersive experiences, in healthcare for medical simulations and training, in architecture and design for visualizing structures, and in education for interactive learning experiences.

Q. How does mixed reality enhance user experiences?
A. Mixed reality enhances user experiences by providing a more immersive and interactive environment. It allows users to manipulate and interact with virtual objects in real-time, while maintaining awareness of their physical surroundings, creating a more realistic and engaging experience.

Q. What are the challenges associated with mixed reality?
A. Some challenges in mixed reality include ensuring accurate spatial mapping, precise tracking of movements, developing realistic virtual objects, and addressing concerns related to privacy and safety. Additionally, the cost and accessibility of devices can be limiting factors for widespread adoption.