A node can also refer to any system or physical equipment that is connected to a network and can perform functions such as creating, receiving, or sending data across a communication channel. The term “node” is most commonly used in the blockchain domain. In this article, we will go over nodes in further detail, covering the various types of blockchain nodes currently in use.

How Does A Blockchain Work?

Before we go into blockchain nodes, it’s vital to understand how blockchains work. Blockchain is a type of distributed ledger technology (DLT) that acts as a decentralized digital ledger of transactions that may be replicated across various devices in a network.

This means that a complete and chronological record of every network transaction is disseminated to a succession of devices.

These machines are known as nodes, and they are in charge of keeping a blockchain fair, safe, and unchangeable.

What Is A Blockchain Node?

Blockchain nodes are network stakeholders, and their devices are responsible for maintaining a copy of the distributed ledger and acting as communication hubs for various network operations. A blockchain node’s main job is to verify the validity of each new block or group of network transactions that are added to the network. Each node is assigned a unique identifier that allows it to be recognized from other nodes in the network.

Blockchain Node
Blockchain Node

proof-of-work (PoW) blockchain, such as Bitcoin (BTC) or Monero (XMR), includes miners who are responsible for the following.

However, “full nodes” are required to store all blockchain transactions on their devices. These nodes are in charge of approving transactions and blocks. On the other side, lightweight or light nodes utilize less storage since they only need to download block headers to validate transactions. Neither of these variants of a full node includes a block reward.

The availability of a blockchain node is yet another way to categorize it. An “online node” is designated to continuously send updates throughout the network and is always online. Offline nodes, on the other hand, must only download an updated copy of the ledger when they reconnect to the network to ensure that they are synchronized with every other node.

Nodes For Bitcoin

The BTC users send transactions and receive alerts for any activity in their digital wallets; running a Bitcoin node requires leveraging unused processing and bandwidth resources. There are no block rewards for hosting a full Bitcoin node, so maintaining one is not the same as mining Bitcoin.

You need to visit the Bitcoin Core website and download the implementation software to start a Bitcoin full node. Before you can become a complete node runner, you must fulfill a number of prerequisites, according to the developer group’s website.

Running a Bitcoin Core full node in the old days required downloading the whole blockchain. Thankfully, pruning makes it possible to run entire nodes without having to use a lot of storage. Full node operators only require 7 GB of disk space instead of 350 GB.

Pruned full node requirements:

  • A computer or laptop running the latest versions of Linux, Mac OS X, or Windows.
  • 7 GB of storage, with a read/write speed of no less than 100 MB/s;
  • 2 GB memory (RAM).
  • A minimum upload speed of 400 kilobits (50 kilobytes) per second for your internet connection.
  • You should leave your complete node operating for at least 6 hours a day.

Keep in mind that maintaining a Bitcoin node has potential hazards and extra expenses. Running a node and other forms of Bitcoin activities are outlawed in various nations. Intentional network-exploiting hackers may target Bitcoin nodes as well.

Nodes For Ethereum

A user in Ethereum can run the light, full, and archive types of nodes. The speed at which they can synchronize with the entire network is where their distinctions lie.

It is possible to run your own Ethereum node in a variety of ways, but DAppNode and Avado are two examples of popular hardware that can operate on the network. With the exception of CPU power, Ethereum nodes’ needs are nearly identical to those of Bitcoin nodes.

Remember to check your bandwidth restrictions prior to running an Ethereum node.

On Ethereum’s website, you can discover a list of clients you can use to operate a node.

The security, dependability, and transparency of Ethereum’s blockchain network are dependent on its nodes. In reality, anyone may use Etherscan’s node tracker to see the nodes and how they are performing on the network.

You would require an Ethereum staking node to operate in order to earn block rewards.

Node For Monero

A program known as the “daemon” is responsible for managing Monero nodes. However, compared to Bitcoin, running a complete node requires more storage and bandwidth. Remember that hosting a Monero node differs from mining Monero to get block rewards.

According to the 2018 guidance on the Monero website, the recommended amount of storage as of the most recent version is roughly 30GB and will rise over time. In order to synchronize the full blockchain instantly, users will also require a quick internet connection.

Windows, Linux, and Mac operating systems can all be used to run the nodes. On its website, you may get comprehensive setup instructions for Monero nodes.

Nodes For Bitcoin Cash

Similar to other nodes, Bitcoin Cash nodes play a crucial part in the network’s security by assisting with transaction verification. The BCH network, like the aforementioned blockchain networks, distributes rewards to nodes that take part in mining while maintaining a node without mining, which has no incentives.

In spite of having fewer transactions than BTC, Bitcoin Cash has supported block size increases, which is why its split, Bitcoin Cash, has a relatively big blockchain size of 194 GB (as of May 10, 2021). Through this site, a Bitcoin Cash node can be downloaded.

Node For Dash

The “masternodes” used by Dash are operated by people who must possess at least 1,000 DASH as collateral and have a computer running the most recent Linux version in order to assure the security and consensus of its blockchain.

Hosting a copy of the complete blockchain state and assisting in settlement of transactions, such as transmitting assets and renaming people, are the two primary responsibilities of a masternode.

The network rewards masternodes for the service they render, just like it does for miners. As stated in Dash’s official documentation, you can run a masternode by doing so.

Smart Chain Nodes for Binance

Verifying the status of active accounts on the blockchain is the responsibility of the Binance Smart Chain nodes. BSC operators can respond to network-based requests if necessary since they have a complete copy of the network.

As of right now, only Mac OS X and Linux are supported for full nodes. The suggested prerequisites for running a full node or a validator node on BSC are listed below.

Full node

  • latest versions of Linux or Mac OS on virtual private servers
  • 1 TB hard drive
  • CPU with eight cores in a computer
  • Memory (RAM) of 32 GB
  • A download/upload speed of at least 1 megabyte per second on the internet


  • latest versions of Linux or Mac OS X on a VPS.
  • 2 TB of storage
  • CPU with eight cores in a computer
  • Memory (RAM) of 32 GB
  • A download/upload speed of at least 1 megabyte per second on the internet

On Binance’s website, you can access the comprehensive setup guide.

Chainlink nodes implement the protocol’s oracle function, enabling the fulfillment of data requests without jeopardizing security and dependability. By making sure that smart contracts are correctly supplied with real-world data, they also support how smart contracts function.
The user must execute both an Oracle contract that manages all data queries and replies to their requests, as well as software that connects on-chain and off-chain data in order to establish a node.

How To Run A Node?

Any given blockchain has a number of system requirements for node operators. To ensure that your node is completely functioning and synchronized with the network you intend to serve, it is essential to ensure that you have it set up correctly. As previously noted, you can verify hardware and software requirements as well as set up instructions on the websites for each blockchain.

The following methods will help you run full nodes on the Bitcoin network.

Lighting Nodes

Lighting nodes, sometimes known as “light” nodes, are linked to full nodes and are designed to serve as wallets. They only download block headers, which provide a hash reference to the block before it and an outline of its contents. The entire blockchain dataset is stored on full nodes, which are used mainly by miners. Lightweight nodes process a smaller portion of the blockchain than full nodes do. It is the most excellent choice for people with limited storage and processing capabilities because it is less expensive than purchasing a whole node.


In the blockchain and cryptocurrencies, a node refers to a computer or device that participates in the network by maintaining a copy of the blockchain and validating transactions. Nodes play a crucial role in the decentralization, security, and reliability of blockchain networks. There are different types of nodes, including full nodes, pruned nodes, and lightweight nodes, each with varying levels of blockchain data storage and validation capabilities.

Nodes are essential for ensuring the integrity and consensus of the blockchain, as they verify transactions and blocks according to the network’s rules and contribute to the overall health of the decentralized network. By running a node, individuals become active participants in the blockchain ecosystem, promoting transparency and security.


Q. Do I need to run a node to use cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin or Ethereum?
 No, running a node is not a requirement for using cryptocurrencies. Most users interact with cryptocurrencies through wallets and exchanges that handle node operations in the background. However, running a node can provide additional benefits, such as increased privacy and security.

Q. What is the difference between a full node and a mining node?
A full node maintains a complete copy of the blockchain and validates transactions without being involved in block creation. On the other hand, a mining node (miner) participates in the process of creating new blocks, typically through Proof of Work (PoW) or Proof of Stake (PoS) mechanisms, and is rewarded for successfully mining new blocks.

Q. Running is a node profitable?
 Running a full node typically does not provide direct financial rewards, as it is a service to the network. However, mining nodes can be profitable for miners who successfully mine new blocks and receive rewards, but profitability depends on factors like hardware costs, electricity expenses, and mining difficulty.

Q. Do nodes require specialized hardware?
 The hardware requirements for nodes vary based on the type of node and the blockchain network. Full nodes may require sufficient storage and computing power, while lightweight nodes can run on less powerful devices like smartphones.

Q. Are there risks associated with running a node?
 Running a node comes with some risks, particularly in the case of mining nodes. Mining involves competition and requires significant energy consumption. Additionally, there may be security risks associated with running nodes, such as potential exposure to network attacks.