Ethereum network users are facing a surge in gas fees, driven by the recent craze surrounding ERC-404 tokens. These tokens, which combine features of NFTs and fungible tokens, have attracted significant interest, leading to a spike in network activity and skyrocketing gas prices.

On February 9th, average gas fees reached a peak of 70 gwei, translating to roughly $60 per standard transaction. This marks an eight-month high and significantly surpasses the typical Ethereum gas fees ranging between 10-20 gwei.

While the ERC-404 craze is the primary culprit, other factors contribute to the higher gas fees. The ongoing Merge transition has led to increased network congestion and the growing popularity of decentralized applications (dApps) on Ethereum further strains the network’s capacity.

This situation presents challenges for both users and developers. Retail investors may find transactions cost-prohibitive, potentially hindering their participation in the ecosystem. Developers, on the other hand, face increased costs for deploying and interacting with dApps, impacting their project’s viability.

The long-term implications of this gas fee surge remain uncertain. Some experts believe it’s a temporary phenomenon tied to the ERC-404 hype, while others express concerns about the network’s scalability limitations.

Several proposed solutions aim to address Ethereum’s scalability issues. Layer-2 scaling solutions like Polygon and Optimism offer faster and cheaper transactions, but adoption remains limited. Ethereum’s upcoming switch to the Proof-of-Stake (PoS) consensus mechanism promises significant improvements in scalability and transaction speed, but its full implementation is still months away.


The current Ethereum gas fee surge presents a significant challenge to the network’s usability and growth. While the ERC-404 craze is a contributing factor, underlying scalability issues require long-term solutions. Layer-2 scaling and the upcoming PoS transition offer hope, but their impact remains to be seen. Users and developers must navigate this dynamic landscape cautiously, considering the potential impact of high gas fees on their activities.